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Mongolia 20. September 2019
BTI
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Managing the Crisis
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 BTI 2010

|

Mongolia Country Report

 

Status Index

1-10

6.20

# 46 of 128

   
 

Democracy

1-10

6.90

# 41 of 128

 
 

Market Economy

1-10

5.50

# 66 of 128

 
             
 

Management Index

1-10

6.20

# 26 of 128

   

scale: 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest)

score

rank

trend

Please cite as follows: Bertelsmann Stiftung, BTI 2010 — Mongolia Country Report. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2009.

© 2009 Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh



Key Indicators

Population

mn.

2.6

HDI

0.73

GDP p.c.

$

3236

Pop. growth

% p.a.

0.9

HDI rank of 182

115

Gini Index

33.0

Life expectancy

years

67

UN Education Index

0.91

Poverty2

%

49.0

Urban population

%

57.0

Gender equality1

0.46

Aid per capita

$

87.4

Sources: UNDP, Human Development Report 2009 | The World Bank, World Development Indicators 2009. Footnotes: (1) Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). (2) Percentage of population living on less than $2 a day.

Index of contents

Executive Summary
History and Characteristics of Transformation
Transformation Status
I.  Democracy

1 | Stateness
2 | Political Participation
3 | Rule of Law
4 | Stability of Democratic Institutions
5 | Political and Social Integration

II. Market Economy

6 | Level of Socioeconomic Development
7 | Organization of the Market and Competition
8 | Currency and Price Stability
9 | Private Property
10 | Welfare Regime
11 | Economic Performance
12 | Sustainability

Transformation Management
I. Level of Difficulty
II. Management Performance

14 | Steering Capability
15 | Resource Efficiency
16 | Consensus-Building
17 | International Cooperation

Strategic Outlook

Executive Summary

History and Characteristics of Transformation

Transformation Status

 

I. Democracy

1 | Stateness

Monopoly on the use of force

State identity

No interference of religious dogmas

Basic administration

2 | Political Participation

Free and fair elections

Effective power to govern

Association / assembly rights

Freedom of expression

3 | Rule of Law

Separation of powers

Independent judiciary

Prosecution of office abuse

Civil rights

4 | Stability of Democratic Institutions

Performance of democratic institutions

Commitment to democratic institutions

5 | Political and Social Integration

Party system

Interest groups

Consent to democratic norms

Associational activities

II. Market Economy

6 | Level of Socioeconomic Development

Socioeconomic barriers

Economic indicators

2004

2005

2006

2007

GDP

$ mn.

1815.7

2306.1

3132.3

3929.8

Growth of GDP

%

10.6

7.3

8.6

10.2

Inflation (CPI)

%

8.2

12.7

5.1

9.0

Unemployment

%

3.6

3.3

3.2

2.8

Foreign direct investment

% of GDP

5.1

8.0

11.0

8.3

Export growth

%

-

-

-

-

Import growth

%

-

-

-

-

Current account balance

$ mn.

63.4

83.7

221.6

-

Public debt

$ mn.

1306.6

1266.7

1361.0

1565.7

External debt

$ mn.

1350.9

1301.7

1394.2

1596.2

Total debt service

% of GNI

1.9

1.7

1.5

1.4

Cash surplus or deficit

% of GDP

-

-

6.2

7.7

Tax Revenue

% of GDP

-

-

24.3

25.3

Government consumption

% of GDP

14.5

12.4

11.4

13.0

Public expnd. on edu.

% of GDP

4.7

-

-

5.1

Public expnd. on health

% of GDP

3.6

3.0

4.2

-

R&D expenditure

% of GDP

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.2

Military expenditure

% of GDP

1.5

1.3

1.2

1.4

Sources: The World Bank, World Development Indicators 2009 | UNESCO Institute for Statistics | International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market Database | Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.

7 | Organization of the Market and Competition

Market-based competition

Anti-monopoly policy

Liberalization of foreign trade

Banking system

8 | Currency and Price Stability

Anti-inflation / forex policy

Macrostability

9 | Private Property

Property rights

Private enterprise

10 | Welfare Regime

Social safety nets

Equal opportunity

11 | Economic Performance

Output strength

12 | Sustainability

Environmental policy

Education
policy / R&D

Transformation Management

I. Level of Difficulty

Structural constraints

Civil society traditions

Conflict intensity

II. Management Performance

14 | Steering Capability

Prioritization

Implementation

Policy learning

15 | Resource Efficiency

Efficient use
of assets

Policy coordination

Anti-corruption policy

16 | Consensus-Building

Consensus
on goals

Anti-democratic veto actors

Cleavage / conflict management

Civil society participation

Reconciliation

17 | International Cooperation

Effective use
of support

Credibility

Regional cooperation

Strategic Outlook




BTI 2010


COUNTRY REPORT
Mongolia


©2009 Bertelsmann Stiftung
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